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Face Masks Buying Guide

N95, FFP, Surgical…there is a lot of confusion around the different masks that are available to use. We have pulled together the information from a number of leading scientific sources to help you understand the options available*. There are a number of different types of mask, but the key factor is whether they are beneficial in protecting you, protecting others or both. The table below summarises the types of masks against these criteria

On this page we are already trying to answer a few questions for you.

Face Mask overview

Mask Type Can help in preventing spread Suitable for
Disposable masks Medical / Non-medical
Reusable masks Non-medical
Disposbale dust mask FFP1 Non-medical
Disposbale dust mask FFP2 & FFP3 Non-medical

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Different types of facemasks

There is a wide variety of different face masks available. Facemasks generally can be divided into 3 groups:
  • * Disposable masks
  • * Reusable masks
  • * FFP (Filtering Face Piece) Masks
But which facemask is best suited to your needs? Below we have explained the most important differences per product type.
Disposable masks usually flat and rectangular with pleats or folds with a metal strip that can be formed to your nose.
  • disposable, loose-fitting face masks that cover your nose, mouth, and chin
  • protects the wearer from sprays, splashes, and large-particle droplets
  • prevents the spread of potentially infectious respiratory secretions from the wearer to others
  • often described as civilian, medical, surgical, EU classifications are – Type 1, 2, 2R
Mask Type Bacterial Filtering Efficiency Fluid repellence Usage EN Number
Civilian >90 Civilian / non-medical Not EU
Type 1 / Medical >95 General medical EN14683
Type 2 / Medical >98 General medical EN14683
Type 2R / Surgical >98 Surgical where harmful splashes can occur. Sterile. EN14683
Reusable masks usually made of a woven fabric, often cotton. These can be repeatedly washed making them an environmental alternative to disposable masks.
  • Loose-fitting face masks that cover your nose, mouth, and chin
  • Protects the wearer from sprays, splashes, and large-particle droplets
  • Can be anti-microbial (depend on the specifications) and also protect the wearer from dust
FFP (Filtering Face Piece) Masks also known as disposable particulate respirators. Similar to the N, R and P respirators, they are generally circular or oval in shape and is designed to form a tight seal to your face. Some types may have an attachment called an exhalation valve, which can help with breathing and the build-up of heat and humidity.
Mask Type Filtration level Leakage to the inside Usage
FFP1 >80% <22% This mask is mainly used as a dust mask (home renovations and various types of work) and can help with the prevention of spread from the wearer to others
FFP2 >94% <8% These masks are mainly used in construction, agriculture, and healthcare professionals against influenza viruses. They are currently used for protection against Covid-19.
FFP3 >99% <2% These masks protect against very fine particles such as asbestos and can be used for protection against Covid-19.

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